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 HIGH DEFINITION AND MORE

What is Frame Rate and what is Refresh Rate?

The term Frame rate itself refers to the number of individual frames or images that are displayed per second in a film, on a TV screen or computer monitor. Very low Frame rate leads to either motion blur or motion judder. Frame rate is also called Frame per second (fps). It is important to understand the role of fps. The fps standards for TVs are 30fps according NTSC and 25fps according to PAL. 

High Frame Rates are the constant goal for enthusiast and effectively a 4K content is appreciated at 40 - 60 fps. The more powerful your CPU or GPU the more frames they are able to generate per second.

Refresh rate is measured in frequency (Hz) which is the number of times per second your monitor can redraw your screen. A refresh rate of 60Hz means that your display can redraw the entire screen 60 times in one second. In other words, fps is powered by your CPU/GPU and refresh rate is measured by your screen support. 

Available Formats Displays differ from each another mainly based on the density of pixels they support. Regardless of the screen size, if the pixel stays at this density, it will be the same display.

High Definition (HD) is the most familiar format since it has become the standard for the television viewing experience in households around the world. Any video image with a resolution of 1280x720 pixels a 16:9 aspect ration is defined as HD.

Full High Definition (Full HD) this one is the higher step of HD, and its defined by the support of 1920x1280 pixels. Most consumers have upgraded their TVs and monitors to 720p/1080p to see crisper,  more life like images.

Quad High Definition or 2K (QHD) offers a more detailed view, having four times the vertical resolution of standard 720p HD to 2560x1440 pixels. 

Ultra High Definition (UHD) or 4K format delivers what is considered to be the best viewing experience. 4K refers to a horizontal resolution of approximately 4,000 pixels. 4K displays have a resolution of 3840x2160 in an aspect ratio of 16:9 which is four times the Full HD resolution of 1080p. 5K its the successor of 4K and it reflect resolutions of up to 5120x2880 and 14Million pixels. Compared to 4K, 5K offers more details, less pixilation and extra space to view more browser windows and documents at one time. 

Full Ultra High Definition (FUHD) or 8K offers a resolution of 7680x4320 pixels.

Quad Ultra High Definition (QUHD) or 10K is a display resolution of 15360x8640 pixels. 


What is DSC?

Display Stream Compression (DSC) was introduced by the Video Electronics Standard Association (VESA). DSC enables visually lossless compression between application processor and the display sub-system inside UHD (ultra high definition) devices such as mobiles phones, tablets and televisions. Visually lossless means that there is no perceivable difference in the quality of the image or video while compression is active. 
An important factor in video displays is the number of colors that can be shown. The world offers us an infinite amount of different color shades, while video equipment is necessarily limited in the number of colors that can be displayed which is known as Color Depth. Color Depth measures the number of bits of data that can be assigned to produce different color shades, the more bits the more colors that can be displayed. 

What is Frame Rate and what is Refresh Rate?

What is HDR ?

High Dynamic Range Displays are able to reproduce more realistic images with: 


• High Brightness 
• Wider color Gamut
• Great Contrast 
• Higher refresh rate
There are currently two relevant HDR Formats the open HDR10 and Dolby Vision while the broadcast industry is working on a third. The main difference between these two is that HDR10 is based on static metadata whereas Dolby Vision supports dynamic metadata.

What is HDR ?

Club 3D Solutions for DVI-D HDCP

The simple way to get the correct adapter with: HDCP-ON or OFF

What is HDCP? Audiovisual content is increasingly disseminated in digital form on the Web, as well as on physical media. As a result, content providers are using various content protection technologies to prevent unauthorized use. High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) protects the last stage in the distribution process, encrypting content transmitted over digital interfaces from set-top boxes, DVD players, personal computers and game consoles, to display devices such as high definition TVs. The consumer electronics industry has rapidly adopted HDCP for the High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI). 

HDCP-protected systems may include three types of devices: sources, sinks and repeaters. HDCP protects data as it is transmitted between each of these devices when they are connected via HDMI or other HDCP-protected digital interfaces.  HDCP versions ranges from 1.0 to 2.2. HDCP 2.2 versions are not backwards compatible due to security and hacking risks. In general all packaged and digital premium 4K content released after 2015 will be encrypted with HDCP version 2.2.  If you anticipate playback through your system, display interfaces and signal management equipment they will need to be compliant with version 2.2 at every interface.

Some displays don’t have the option to support HDCP, so normally they would be excluded from being choosen in a this situation. For this reason Club 3D has the HDCP OFF version to support for example the Apple Cinema Display.

HDCP-ON:  
CAC-1010 DisplayPort to Dual Link DVI-D Active Adapter 
CAC-1510 USB3.2 Gen1 Type-C to Dual Link DVI-D Active Adapter
HDCP-OFF:   (when your display doesn’t support HDCP, like the Apple Cinema Display)
CAC-1010-A DisplayPort to Dual Link DVI-D Active Adapter 
CAC-1510-A USB3.2 Gen1 Type-C to Dual Link DVI-D Active Adapter

Possible resolutions of Docking and Video splitters

Displays differ from each another mainly based on the density of pixels they support. Regardless of the screen size, if the pixels stays at the same density, it will be the same display.

High Definition (HD) is the most familiar format since it has become the standard for the television viewing experience in households around the world. Any video image with a resolution of 1280x720 pixels a 16:9 aspect ration is defined as HD.

Full High Definition (Full HD) this one is the higher step of HD, and its defined by the support of 1920x1280 pixels. Most consumers have upgraded their TVs and monitors to 720p/1080p to see crisper, more life like images.

Quad High Definition or 2K (QHD) offers a more detailed view, having four times the vertical resolution of standard 720p HD to 2560x1440 pixels. 

Ultra High Definition (UHD) or 4K format delivers what is considered to be the best viewing experience. 4K refers to a horizontal resolution of approximately 4,000 pixels. 4K displays have a resolution of 3840x2160 in an aspect ratio of 16:9 which is four times the Full HD resolution of 1080p.

DISPLAY RESOLUTIONS’ COMPARISON




DISPLAY RESOLUTIONS’ COMPARISON
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